BOTANICAL NAME: Rosmarinus (Latin name ros - dew and marinus - of the sea) officinalis
EXTRACTION: Steam distillation
DESCRIPTION: Rosemary, or Rosmarinus officinalis, is a perennial herb native to the Mediterranean and Asia. The plant itself is a small, hardy, evergreen shrub with fragrant green needles. It produces white, pink, purple, or blue flowers and is relatively hardy in cooler climates. Rosemary was sacred to ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks. Myths recount that Virgin Mary spread her blue cloak over a white-flowered rosemary bush, turning the flowers blue, giving this bush the name "Rose of Mary." Rosemary has a rich history and use in Folklore as well as traditional medicine. In the Middle Ages it became known as the love charm as brides, grooms and guests would wear a sprig of rosemary when attending wedding ceremonies. It was also said to improve memory, aid with paralyzation, and treat gout many hundreds of years ago. The essential oil is extracted by steam distilling the small, green leaves. The compound that is derived from this process contains a number of phytochemicals responsible for its therapeutic properties. The essential oil also contains camphor, a chemical compound delivering healing properties such as its ability to heal, soothe and treat many skin conditions. The oil is colourless or pale yellow and has a fresh and herbaceous scent.
KEY COMPONENTS: A-pinene, b-pinene, borneol, camphor, bornyl acetate, camphene, 1, 8-cineole, limonene